Destreza: Sword and dagger, according to Texedo

My birthday’s on the seventh, so in the spirit of gift-giving, I’m releasing my translation of the dagger section (and the short subsequent buckler and rotella secion) from Pedro Texedo Sicilia de Teruel’s Escuela de Principiantes, y Promptuario de Cuestiones en la filosofia de la verdadera destreza de las armas (Primer and summary of questions in the philsosphy of the true skill at arms). The dual-language format book was published in Naples in 1678: Spanish on the left, Italian on the right. Naples was under Spanish rule from the early 1500s through the early 1700s. I ended up poking around in this book because of conversations I had with folks at the 2019 Western Martial Arts Workshop (more at, but the website isn’t working at the moment), and just went ahead and translated that particular section. I was prepping a workshop around LVD sword and dagger; Figueiredo calls out … Read on!